Varicose veins in women: causes, prevention and treatment

Varicose veins in a woman

Varicose veins are a rapidly progressing disease that requires complex treatment. Every second person is at risk of finding a disease and cannot make a difference, because the disease manifests itself gradually and imperceptibly. Concussions and exhaustion can be the first calls that lead to unavoidable consequences in the future. Think about the causes of varicose veins in women and how to deal with varicose veins.

Varicose veins in women - what we know

If you sit too often or, conversely, the load on your legs is too great, the likelihood of developing varicose veins increases. In addition, in some cases, genetic predisposition affects varicose veins. That is, if one of your blood relatives suffers from a similar disease, the chances of its manifestation increase.

To better understand the nature of this pathology, remember how the blood circulates in the human body. The organs inside the body are supplied with arterial blood and the blood returns through the arteries. Negative factors negatively affect this process, so the process leading to stagnation, growth and swelling of venous vessels is disrupted. Such factors, along with anxiety, restlessness, and other symptoms, make varicose veins meaningless.

Blood circulates through the arteries in the leg due to muscle spasms, and valves in the arteries prevent fluid from returning. As a result, excessive pressure:

  • Elongation and enlargement of blood vessels, as well as tone loss;
  • Shrinkage of vascular valves and loss of natural function;
  • Complex supply of organs and tissues.

Varicose veins in women - the stages of development of the disease

It is worth paying attention to the details, as it is difficult to feel the heat, especially in the early stages. The formation of a network of veins should alert you, for example, to help detect varicose veins in the abdomen in a timely manner.

Consider other factors:

  • Pain and discomfort in the lower extremities;
  • The presence of a mesh indicating deterioration of venous blood flow;
  • Blue and swollen veins;
  • Inhibition of vital activity of cells in soft tissues.

Because there are many common symptoms with other pathologies, the diagnosis of varicose veins is very problematic. This is especially true of varicose veins of the female internal organs.

How to protect yourself from this disease and what to do when the disease is already progressing?

Varicose veins - the causes of the disease

Numerous studies show that women are more prone to this disease, and the dilation of superficial veins can occur due to various conditions, and heredity is not the only reason for varicose veins.

Vascular pathology of the same name also causes:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth;
  • Hormone suppression of ovulation;
  • Menopause and other hormonal changes;
  • Excessive physical activity;
  • Sedentary lifestyle;
  • Painful sensations in the pelvic region;
  • Injuries to the legs;
  • Excess weight;
  • Excessive love for tanning and going to the sauna;
  • Digestive system failure;
  • Improperly installed shoes;
  • Long-term movement in the heels;
  • Wear tight, slim underwear;
  • Long-term stressful situation;
  • Difficulty with blood clotting.
Unpleasant sensations in the legs of a woman with varicose veins

The habit of sitting on one's feet often causes venous congestion. Surprisingly, pathological development is also affected by a person's growth. There is a greater precedent for the formation of varicose veins in tall people. In cases of congenital weakness of the venous walls, the deformation of the vessels is not always clearly expressed.

Varicose veins - prevention

In the later stages of the disease, the vascular pattern is already noticeable. Many signals lead to this condition, in most cases a person does not pay due attention, for example: swelling of the arteries and a feeling of heaviness in the lower extremities, spider veins and nocturnal cramps. To prevent more varicose veins, you should make an appointment with a phlebologist immediately.

In the presence of varicose veins, the patient should prepare an individual course of prevention: to take medication or topical medication. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure an active and useful lifestyle for the patient. Without it, the efforts will be in vain.

During the prophylactic period, doctors recommend following some rules:

  • Do not sit on your feet;
  • When sitting for a long time, warm up a little every hour;
  • Replace tight-heeled shoes with something more comfortable;
  • Stop smoking. Nicotine aggravates the condition of blood vessels.

Varicose veins in women - treatment

You can delay the course of the disease with conservative methods, but it will not restore the affected vessels. This includes wearing compression underwear, taking medication, and living a healthy active lifestyle. The drug is suitable only in the early stages of varicose veins. Invasive treatment is required - sclerotherapy, laser removal of venous mesh, or other surgical interventions when you want to remove the altered vessels.

Sclerotherapy - a method of treatment of varicose veins

Sclerotherapy is an effective method based on the application of a special drug that causes the walls of the vascular lumen to stick and subsequently resorb.

Surgery will be required only through a radical solution to the problem. Fortunately, modern equipment will allow you to perform the above procedures quickly, efficiently and, most importantly, painlessly.