Symptoms of varicose veins appear depending on the degree of damage and the severity of the pathology. Therefore, you should pay special attention to such symptoms at the very beginning of development. After all, the success of treatment depends on it. If you see varicose veins in the early stages, it is quite possible to get rid of it with the help of special exercises, physiotherapy procedures and some medications. However, if you find pain (symptoms) in the legs with varicose veins in the later stages, surgery cannot be avoided. Of course, this is very easy, but also more expensive. In addition, varicose veins cause complications and unpleasant consequences. And in any case, you will have to do physiotherapy exercises.
Symptoms of varicose veins
Symptoms of varicose veins in the legs:
- Tired legs.
- Formation of the venous network.
- Pain syndromes.
- Skin discoloration.
- Veins protrude and increase in size.
How to identify varicose veins in time
As a rule, at the initial stage only fatigue of the lower extremities manifests itself. But no one pays attention to this factor, referring to the crazy rhythm of life. And even at the end of the working day, the swelling is not too scary.
A person can detect the development of pathology only in the presence of a venous network. Women often do this in spring and summer, when the beach season is approaching. However, before the appearance of this peculiar pattern, the patient must feel not only heaviness and fatigue, but also pain. Although most people write this because of problems with the spine and other pathologies. It should be noted that if a person's skin is thin, then the first "stars" appear faster than thick skin.
But varicose veins are not only in the legs, but also in the groin, uterus and so on. Therefore, the symptoms vary. For example, the symptoms of varicose veins of the small pelvis are manifested by pain in the lower abdomen and have nothing to do with the legs. However, a venous mesh may appear in the upper thigh.
In the initial stage, it is very important to quickly eliminate the swelling and fatigue of the legs. It is enough to rest for a while in a supine position. Walking also helps relieve pain syndrome. As the pathology progresses, the patient may feel fullness in the lower extremities. This usually happens after standing on long legs, sitting, or after an extremely long walk. Then the person experiences convulsions at night and then during the day.
Stages of varicose veins
Varicose veins consist of 4 stages:
- In the first stage of the disease, the patient has practically no complaints, but a slight manifestation of fatigue and nausea.
- In stage 2, there is violence, nocturnal convulsions, swelling and edema.
- Stage 3 is characterized by severe swelling, compression at the site of the mesh formation, and skin pigmentation.
- In the 4th stage, ulcers are already visible, tissue trophism is impaired.
Causes of varicose veins
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Thrombosis of other vessels.
- The effect of hormone therapy.
- Age-related changes.
- Pathology of the circulatory system (poor blood circulation, weakness of the walls of blood vessels, etc. ).
- Poor posture.
- Disorders of venous valves.
- Obesity and poor diet.
- Heavy physical activity.
- Get some exercise.
- First of all, the risk group includes people whose work is associated with a permanent position or constant movement. These include hairdressers, salespeople, marchers, waiters, some types of doctors, carriers, and so on. The list is endless.
- People sitting at a computer or office desk during the working day are also at risk. It is the lack of mobility that causes stagnation in the circulatory system. The pelvis is most affected. To prevent this, you need to warm up once an hour.
- Obesity is the number one enemy of blood vessels. The fact is that overweight people are overloaded due to their severity. Therefore, it is extremely important to pay timely attention to the symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities.
- Pregnant women. At this point, they gain weight rapidly and the fetus begins to put pressure on the circulatory system.
- Representatives of relatives with varicose veins. These people have to follow certain rules throughout their lives. For example, eating right, not putting too much weight on yourself, exercising, and controlling your weight.
What not to do with varicose veins
First of all, it should be noted that wearing high heels and uncomfortable shoes. This has the most negative impact on ships. Under no circumstances should you hold a position where one foot is thrown over the other. In this case, the arteries are constricted.
It is strictly forbidden to wear socks with tight elastic bands and knee-highs. You should also give up tight clothing. Lifting unbearable weights is undesirable. For a woman it can be even more than 5 kg.
It is not recommended to drink alcohol in varicose veins. There is no safe dose of alcohol. Although alcohol is not an immediate cause of varicose veins, alcohol abuse can generally adversely affect blood circulation, cause congestion, and increase the risk of hypertension and various cardiovascular diseases.
What are the complications
It is important!In fact, complications of varicose veins can be fatal. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the symptoms of varicose veins and eliminate them in a timely manner. Complications include, first of all, trophic ulcers, which are very difficult to treat. In addition, thrombophlebitis, phlebothrombosis and varicose veins are noted. These pathologies lead to the development of the following. For example, varicothrombophlebitis, lebotrombosis and thromboembolism. This is already a sign of deep vascular disorders. Chronic venous insufficiency and more can also develop.