What are varicose veins (varicose veins)?
Blood flows from the veins of the legs from the bottom up, overcoming the force of gravity. Valves help them in this. For various reasons, there may be a malfunction of the valve apparatus and impaired blood flow. Then the blood begins to stagnate in the arteries, causing the walls of the arteries to stretch and form nodules.
Symptoms of varicose veins
the veins twist and rise above the surface of the skin
weight on the legs
burning sensation along the veins
pigmentation and skin tightening
Causes of varicose veins
Who suffers the most from varicose veins?
Of the people who suffer from varicose veins, 30% are women who bloom, 50% are women who give birth, and 25% are men over forty. Moreover, the risk of the disease appears after twenty years. However, despite these sad statistics, there are some very simple and effective ways to prevent varicose veins that we want to talk about. First, here are a few causes of varicose veins to help determine if you are at risk.
The first and most important factor that leads to varicose veins is heredity. In 70% of cases, the disease is transmitted to the girl. So try to find out if your grandmother or mother suffers from varicose veins, maybe someone had surgery for it. If you find a genetic predisposition to the disease, you should think seriously about it before choosing the profession of a hairdresser, teacher or stewardess.
The problem is that the second risk factor is sedentary and physically strenuous work, as well as prolonged standing.
The next dangerous point may be hormonal changes in the body (for example, taking certain hormonal drugs). Endocrine changes and weight gain also affect the function of the valve apparatus. Therefore, pregnant women are at particular risk.
High ambient temperature can also cause varicose veins - this puts an extra burden on the veins. Therefore, it is undesirable to be exposed to very hot baths, saunas and more than 40 minutes in the sun.
Even if you always wear high heels, you are at risk (although completely flat soles are not very good for your feet). High-heeled shoes keep the muscles tense and the leg veins tense. A heel of 5 centimeters or more is considered high and 2-3 centimeters is optimal. And the last thing you need to remember is to smoke. It is difficult to say exactly how many cigarettes are dangerous, but there is an absolute link between varicose veins and smoking.
How to treat varicose veins
Do not delay with the treatment of varicose veins. Seeing a doctor in a timely manner will help detect the symptoms of varicose veins in the first place. There are several modern methods for examining varicose veins, most of which are completely painless and safe. This is primarily ultrasound (Doppler). Indicates the condition of the arteries, circulating blood mass and blood flow velocity.
Preventing varicose veins at home is not so difficult, but for prevention to be effective, most of the recommendations given by doctors should become a habit.
The first thing that all doctors, without exception, recommend is exercise. It is better to choose a sport in which the muscles of the lower leg are compressed evenly and intensively. Walking, running, cycling, skiing, horseback riding, dancing are very useful for the legs. Remember, no matter what sport you choose, your shoes should be loose and comfortable. The best sport for varicose veins is swimming: there is no pressure in the veins, as if it is zero weight. Walking is a very affordable but effective method of prevention. Fifteen minutes a day will give such positive results.
If you choose to train in the gym, follow a few basic rules:
Prefer weightless or minimal weights (up to 1 kg).
Increase the number of repetitions, not the weight of the projectile.
Exercise specific muscle groups at different times and replace training days with weekends.
Wherever you are, do not overdo it - the load will be useful when you enjoy it, and the power will be useful to you for more pleasant things. When choosing a sport, keep in mind that not every load is suitable for varicose veins.
Tennis, bodybuilding, volleyball, skating are not very good for varicose veins - sports that require sharp movements. They can be not only useless, but also harmful to health. Even if you don't have time to exercise regularly, don't despair.
There is a simple foot gymnastics that does not require much effort, but it is also a great way to improve blood circulation.
Exercise is especially recommended for those who, due to the nature of their activities, are often forced to sit or stand. Move your foot from heel to toe. Then stand on tiptoe 20-30 times. Take a few scoops, transferring the weight to the edges of your feet.
If you have to sit a lot, you can stretch your legs from time to time: lift your knees and move your legs back and forth, turn your legs clockwise and backward. Then bend and open your fingers until you feel a slight tension. Change your posture more often and try to get rid of the habit of sitting on your feet - the arteries constrict and as a result, blood circulation is disrupted.
Take care of your feet
We are accustomed to paying special attention to the face, but the feet also require care. In the morning, wash them up to the ankles with cold water from the shower. It is desirable that the jet be stronger.
It is recommended to apply a mud mask for the feet for 20 minutes several times a week. Rinse the mask with cool water and then apply the cream. These treatments eliminate swelling, improve nutrition and blood circulation. After applying the mask, the legs should be lifted.
Try to make it a habit - it is good to keep your feet high while relaxing and watching TV. Ideally, when it is above heart level. Doctors recommend putting a pillow under your feet at night.
Among folk remedies there is a time-tested method to prevent varicose veins. Take a thick wooden block (which will make an ordinary wax candle), place one foot on a chair, and then move from foot to knee, pressing lightly on the skin. Do the exercises with your other foot. This exercise is very useful to strengthen blood vessels. With a simple massage, you can help your feet relax after a hard day. Massage each toe, roll your foot on the ground with a rubber ball - "hedgehog". Even a few minutes of these exercises will perfectly restore blood circulation.
Look at your diet
Nutrition should be rational, because, as already mentioned, weight fluctuations have a negative impact on the condition of the legs. The basic rule: maximum vegetables and fruits, minimum salty, oily and smoked. Try to replace vegetable oils with animal fats, as they contain acids that improve blood flow. Eat more fiber - the fact that varicose veins are virtually non-existent in Eastern countries, where fiber is the main food, speaks of its benefits. Large amounts of fatty, fried and spicy foods change the composition of the blood, which can lead to clots. It also has a negative effect on blood vessels and alcohol.
Also, try to eat foods that contain vitamin P. These are mainly walnuts, green tea and rose hips. Foods such as sprouted wheat grains, peas, beans, green onions will enrich the arteries with nutrients and make them more elastic.
If possible, you should limit coffee consumption to one cup a day, because this drink is not harmless to blood vessels.
High-heeled shoes, as well as tight shoes that compress the foot or lower leg, have a negative effect on the condition of the arteries. For formal occasions, leave tight stiletto heels and choose loose shoes with small heels for every day. If you see signs of varicose veins in yourself, it is better to completely give up tight clothing, especially tight elastic band socks and stockings.
For both prevention and treatment of varicose veins, doctors recommend wearing special compression stockings. At the same time, external pressure builds up in the arteries, resulting in reduced blood stasis and the normal size of the arteries. In the past, elastic bandages were used to achieve the same effect, but fortunately the time for ugly bandaged feet has passed, and today socks and tights with a massage effect are used in compression therapy. Such products are more comfortable and practical, while not spoiling the look in any way. Although they are visible to the knees and knees of ordinary women, they are very dense in certain places.
Before getting out of bed in the morning, it is advisable to put on elastic stockings, lifting your legs at an angle of forty degrees.
The socks will then keep the arteries in a physiological state and allow blood to flow to the heart. Such products are sold in pharmacies and worn for at least six months.
In addition to the above, varicose veins are not only an aesthetic problem, but also a serious disease that can lead to complications. Therefore, as soon as the first doubts arise, you should seek professional help, and the beauty of healthy legs will be a pleasant addition to well-being.