Varicose veins of the small pelvis in women

Varicose veins of the small pelvis - a disease of the vascular system, often developing in women. It has severe symptoms and is easily diagnosed. It is poorly treated and requires complex therapy.

lower abdominal pain with pelvic varicose veins

Causes of the disease

The main cause of the disease is a violation of connective tissue functions in the body. The result of the pathology is an obvious weakness of the vessel walls, loss of strength and elasticity. Pathologically, it affects the blood vessels - the vessels with a minimal number of muscle fibers. It often develops during pregnancy. Motivating factors:

  • gynecological diseases - uterine curvature, inflammation of the ovaries, obstruction of the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, fibroids, etc . ;
  • excessive physical activity, weight lifting;
  • standing or sitting work;
  • long-term hormone therapy, contraceptive use;
  • high estrogen levels;
  • menstrual disorders;
  • lack of orgasm, dissatisfaction with sex;
  • frequent childbirth;
  • multiple abortions.

Sometimes the disease is diagnosed in men. The reason for the development are problems with the prostate gland, chronic hemorrhoids, weight gain.

Symptoms of varicose veins of the small pelvis

The first sign of the disease is pain in the lower abdomen, which initially appears only after physical exertion, aggressive sexual intercourse, a few days before menstruation.

There are no other symptoms of the disease, but the woman is worried:

  • irregular periods;
  • periodic pain in the groin and vagina;
  • abundant mucous discharge;
  • frequent urination and small amounts of urine.

Diagnostics

Varicose veins of the small pelvis are not always easily diagnosed. First, an ultrasound is performed - the condition of the uterus, bladder and appendages is examined and evaluated. Ultrasound usually confirms the diagnosis. If the results are unknown, do the following:

  • dopplerography;
  • laparoscopy;
  • phlebography.

Procedures accurately identify the symptoms of the disease. Laparoscopy helps to distinguish varicose veins from other diseases of the reproductive system, and phlebography helps to determine the exact location of blood clots in dilated vessels.

Treatment of the disease

Small varicose veins are treated with drugs that increase vascular tone. Has venotonic properties:

  • reduce the degree of elongation of blood vessels;
  • activate lymph flow;
  • normalize blood circulation;
  • get rid of edema;
  • has a mild anti-inflammatory effect.

Venotonics are allowed in the 2-3rd trimester of pregnancy.

The course of treatment is 3-4 months, the daily dose is 1 tablet of each drug in the morning.

Physiotherapy

After the acute period of varicose veins in the pelvis is stopped with medication, a course of physiotherapy exercises is prescribed. The first classes are conducted under the supervision of a specialist, then gymnastics is conducted at home.

A number of exercises are carried out in the gym.

  1. One minute to walk in a circle at medium speed, the next minute - with high hips.
  2. Stand with your legs together, do shallow squats and extend your arms in front of you. Open your legs shoulder-width apart, spread your arms to the sides, bend forward.
  3. Lie on your back, put your hands on your stomach and breathe through the diaphragm for a minute.
  4. Without changing position, the straight legs are raised, lowered, and separated.
  5. Take the knee-elbow position, perform back bends up and down.

Each exercise should be performed at least 5 times. There should be no pain and fatigue. After completing the complex - a quiet walk for 1-2 minutes.

You need to exercise at home every morning. Lie:

  • lift your legs bent at the knees, make circular motions - imitate cycling for 5 minutes;
  • bend your legs at the knees and raise them 30-40 ° - tighten the abdominal muscles as much as possible while breathing, relax while breathing;
  • lying on your back, lift your straight leg up, press on your chest as much as possible and pull your toe up - you will feel the tension of the pelvic muscles;
  • turn to the side, straighten the lower leg, bend the upper leg at the knee, lift the straight limb up;
  • Lying on your back, imitate scissors, cross your raised straight legs.
Exercises for varicose veins

Gymnastics with varicose veins should be performed daily and for a long time. It is necessary to continue such classes with continuous improvements to prevent aggravation. The "simplified" complex can also be performed in the office, each exercise is repeated 10-12 times:

  • sit in a chair and quickly squeeze your toes;
  • without changing position, turn the legs first in one direction and then in the other;
  • To stand for 2 minutes, to move from foot to foot;
  • stand on your toes, then sharply transfer your body weight to your heels.

Gymnastics is performed in accordance with the rules to narrow the varicose veins, restore the elasticity and resilience of the walls:

  • squat before classes, it is necessary to correct the situation for 1-2 minutes to warm up the muscles;
  • load, the number of repetitions of exercises gradually increases;
  • Pulse is controlled during gymnastics - the frequency should not exceed 120 beats per minute.

If the drug is taken as part of therapy, physical activity decreases.

Surgery

If the reception of venotonic and therapeutic exercises does not contribute to the positive dynamics of treatment, surgery is performed by one of the methods.

  1. Obstruction of blood vessels in the ovaries. A special substance is injected into the affected vein through a thin catheter. The operation is performed under X-ray control, is characterized by low trauma, short rehabilitation time and high efficiency.
  2. Removal of affected vessels. Open surgery requires special preparation of the patient for the intervention, the recovery period is long and complications are likely to develop.

Without treatment of varicose veins, a woman develops infertility.

Traditional medicine in the treatment of pelvic varicose veins

After consulting a doctor, decoctions, herbal baths, pollen and other folk remedies are used in treatment. They do not replace medications, but relieve the condition and relieve pain.

Herbal baths

Folk remedies for pelvic varicose veins

They take 500 g of oak, chestnut and willow branches, 200 g of chamomile flowers, 200 g of stems, rope leaves and St. John's wort.

The herbs are placed in a 10-liter bucket, poured with water and boiled for 20-30 minutes. The broth is insisted 10-12 hours, pour into the bath. The temperature of the bath water should not exceed 40 ° C. Take a bath for 40 minutes twice a week.

Some sources recommend steaming 3 loaves of black bread before the bath and adding the resulting slime to the water.

Official medicine does not confirm the effectiveness of the tool, but you can try.

Decoctions for internal use

The product is made from the same raw material as the bath decoction. Take 100 g of oak, chestnut and willow branches and boil in 500 ml for 20 minutes. Add 200 g collection of St. John's wort, consistency and chamomile flowers, leave for 10 hours. The finished product is filtered and 2-3 tablespoons of honey are added to it.

Get a decoction according to the scheme:

  • 2 days - 50 ml per day;
  • 3-4 days - 100 ml;
  • 5-20 days - 150 ml.

The course of treatment is 20 days, then a 10-day break. Repeat the therapy in the same way.

pollen

Means of 2 tablespoons of honey and half a teaspoon of pollen are taken in the morning on an empty stomach 1/3 teaspoon. The course is 30 days, then take a break for 2-3 months.

Pollen is effective in the early stages of varicose veins and in the prevention of exacerbation of the disease.