Causes, symptoms and treatment of varicose veins in women

Weight gain, fatigue and swelling of the legs can be a sign of a dangerous and unpleasant disease - varicose veins. They often suffer from older women, but recently the disease has begun to appear in young girls. We will understand how to treat varicose veins in the legs in women.

Methods of treatment of varicose veins in the legs in women

Causes of varicose veins in women

A person has valves in their arteries that prevent the reverse flow of blood, and when their function is disrupted, the walls of the arteries become thinner and longer, which can lead to stagnation - even varicose veins.

The main causes of varicose veins in women are:

  • hereditary predisposition to venous diseases (congenital anomalies of venous valves and vessel walls),
  • Pregnancy increases the load on all organs, including the vascular system,
  • Metabolic disorders, hormonal medications,
  • Overweight,
  • Especially athletes and people who spend most of their time on their feet - teachers, salespeople and so on. high physical load in the lower extremities,
  • Sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work,
  • Sit for a long time with legs crossed
  • Wear uncomfortable tight clothes and tight shoes
  • Foot injuries.

Recently, varicose veins in the legs are more common in young girls and women. This is primarily due to heredity (so the disease can develop even in young children) and pregnancy (due to changes in hormonal status, the blood may thicken, and increased intra-abdominal pressure complicates the outflow). venous blood).

It is interesting!

Excessive levels of female sex hormones have a negative effect on the collagen fibers that surround the walls of blood vessels. Therefore, vascular tone can deteriorate significantly, so varicose veins appear in women.

Causes of varicose veins in women

Symptoms of varicose veins in women

In women, varicose veins develop slowly and require long-term treatment. As the disease progresses, gradual circulatory disorders cause damage to the valves and elongation of the walls of blood vessels. In the photo, the symptoms of varicose veins in women are visible to the naked eye.

Women suffer from varicose veins more often than men, so they should carefully monitor the health of the circulatory system, especially if someone in the family has vascular problems.

The main symptoms of varicose veins in the legs in women:

  • Appearance of capillary network,
  • Night cramps in calf muscles,
  • Feeling of tiredness in the legs in the evening: swelling, aching pain, burning,
  • Veins appear on the surface of the skin,
  • Tissue hyperemia, skin discoloration: may be red, pale, cyanotic. Perhaps the appearance of age spots,
  • In the advanced stage, trophic ulcers appear on the skin that do not heal for a long time.

It is important!

If symptoms of varicose veins are found, it is important for a woman to see a phlebologist or vascular surgeon immediately. An advanced form of the disease can lead to complications: blood poisoning, amputation and even death.

Ways to treat varicose veins in women

Once a doctor has diagnosed varicose veins, a woman should follow all the recommendations to eliminate the disease. Regardless of the stage of the disease, it is important to use a complex treatment to do without surgery. Special attention should be paid to the treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy.


The most advanced cases of varicose veins require special and comprehensive treatment. The radical method is surgery to remove the swollen vein. There are two types of interference:

  • Classical phlebectomy is a traumatic operation with a long rehabilitation period. During the manipulation, the diseased part of the vessel is removed. There may be bleeding and infection after surgery,
  • It is important!

    Surgery is not performed during pregnancy and infectious diseases to avoid worsening the woman's condition.

  • Miniphlebectomy helps to remove even small nodules. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, small punctures are made, through which the affected vein is removed with a fork and cut. Recovery takes a few days, but there are practically no contraindications.
treatment of varicose veins in women

Phlebosclerizing treatment

The modern low-traumatic method of treatment of varicose veins in women, the essence of which is the sealing of the damaged vessel using certain procedures and the almost complete absence of a rehabilitation period. There are no traces of such interference. Types of minimally invasive therapy (almost complete absence of trauma to other tissues and body systems):

  • Sclerotherapy - the introduction of a special adhesive component into the affected vessel,
  • Laser coagulation - under the influence of radiation, the vascular network in the legs is removed,
  • Radiofrequency ablation is performed using a disposable catheter that is heated during manipulation and stimulates the narrowing of the dilated vessels.

Pharmacological preparations

Treatment of varicose veins in women is carried out with drugs for internal and external use. Medications are needed to relieve inflammation, strengthen venous walls, and prevent blood clots and thrombosis. However, for this a woman needs long-term use of drugs, it is recommended to consult a list of contraindications and consult a specialist before using them to prevent further development of the disease.

In the first stage of varicose veins in the legs, only ointments and creams are enough to eliminate swelling and fatigue.

If there are difficulties in the treatment of varicose veins, oral tablets are prescribed additionally.

If there is a risk of thrombosis or the blood is too thick, then it is important to take blood thinners - drugs based on aspirin or heparin.

It is important!

Surgery is required to get rid of venous nodules - no medications or folk remedies will help.

Compression stockings

Compression underwear for women is available in three forms: tights, socks or stockings. It is recommended to wear it after surgery, as well as during the complex treatment of varicose veins. Contact a specialist to determine the degree of compression of the knit - it only determines the level of support required depending on the stage of the disease.

Folk recipes

Traditional medicine helps relieve symptoms, but does not cure varicose veins in women. There are various recipes at home that help speed healing and strengthen the walls of blood vessels.

Mildness thins the blood, tones the arteries, prevents their damage, strengthens the body's immunity:

  • Pour 20 g of nettle (dry or fresh) in a glass of boiling water, infuse for 1 hour. Divide the broth into 3 portions and drink a glass every day during the day. This tincture strengthens blood vessels, prevents wear of valves,
  • Ginseng tones and eliminates vascular diseases. Alcohol tincture can be purchased at a pharmacy or prepared yourself, for this you need 150 g of dried ginseng, filled with 600 ml of vodka. Infuse for 2 weeks in a cool dark place, then filter the liquid and take 1-2 tablespoons 4 times a day on an empty stomach.

Compresses and ointments act externally on the diseased areas of the feet, eliminate varicose veins, have a local effect.

  • Finely grate the beets, mix with 2 tablespoons of honey and mix well. Apply the ointment to the affected areas of the feet for at least a few hours.
  • Apply raw mashed potatoes overnight to the affected areas of the foot. The course of treatment lasts 4-6 weeks with daily repetition of sessions. The next morning, the feet should be washed with clean water.
Folk remedies for varicose veins in women

Diet and physical activity recommendations

By eating right and doing simple exercises, you can speed up the patient's recovery or prevent the condition from getting worse. First of all, adjust your diet - reduce the intake of fatty, smoked and salty foods, alcohol and confectionery. Prefer fresh vegetables and fruits, seafood and fish, and diversify your diet by eating lean meats, seafood, nuts and legumes.

Exercise lightly daily - a moderately moderate load on the legs helps keep blood vessels healthy for longer. Find at least 20-30 minutes a day for physical activity - walk in the park, ride a bike, swim.

It is important!

A woman with varicose veins needs to be careful with heat procedures. Sauna, bath, wax depilation and hot bandages can worsen a woman's condition.

Women suffer from varicose veins more often than men, which is primarily due to the physiological characteristics of the fair sex. The disease begins in women of all ages, including very young girls, and its slow development reduces the vigilance of patients, so treatment begins when varicose veins in the legs have already reached a critical stage and cause discomfort. Therapy consists of adjusting nutrition, wearing supportive underwear, taking medication, and using folk remedies in the absence of contraindications. Surgery is used only in advanced cases.