What causes venous varicose veins

Varicose veins are still an insignificant problem among patients. In many cases, women are concerned about aesthetics, but varicose veins are not just a cosmetic defect. If at the beginning of the disease only spider veins appear on the skin, as the disease progresses, varicose veins become more and more disturbing: swelling, spasms, pain, burning, itching appear around them, and trophic ulcers may form on them. time, so do not evaluate the disease. The disease is no less dangerous for men who refuse to notice it to the end.

What causes varicose veins

Varicose veins can appear anywhere in the vein, but most disease affects the legs. This is due to gravity: it is more difficult for blood to flow upwards against gravity. In a healthy person, normal speech is facilitated by the contraction of the elastic wall of muscles and blood vessels, as well as the closure of valves. If the artery is damaged in any area, the blood may begin to flow in the opposite direction, and a blockage appears. Due to the accumulation of venous blood, the section of the vessel comes out and dilates, which is noticeable to the naked eye.

causes of varicose veins

There are many causes and factors for varicose veins, including:

  • long static loads.
  • Heavy physical labor.
  • Sedentary work.
  • Heredity.
  • Age: Decreased elasticity of the vessel wall due to decreased collagen production.
  • Women.
  • Hormonal changes, hormone intake.
  • Chronic avitaminosis.
  • Injuries.
  • Weight set.
  • Thickening of the blood.
  • Frequent flights.
  • Pregnancy.

If you move less or stand more, the muscles do not receive a rational load. Muscles contract and help the blood eliminate gravity. Otherwise, the main load falls on the valves: they must work with vengeance, which can be damaged. People at any stage of varicose veins show that they are wearing compression underwear: the socks compress the area optimally and in fact take over the function of the muscles.

Varicose veins in pregnant women

In pregnant women, the volume of blood circulation increases, so the vessels can not cope. The load on the heart increases, weight increases, blood clotting increases, muscle tone weakens, the uterus presses on the nearest blood vessels. Each of these factors alone can cause varicose veins.

If varicose veins appear during pregnancy, you should see a doctor immediately. The ultrasound procedure is safe for the fetus, the method is informative and allows you to develop a treatment plan. In the later stages, patients are prescribed compression, foot baths, phlebotonics.

Spots with varicose veins appeared

Wet spots can occur for a variety of reasons, such as improper skin care or damage. However, if the legs are sore and hyperpigmented, thrombophlebitis and ulcers can develop, which are very dangerous health conditions. Separated blood clots can cause a heart attack, pulmonary artery (PE) blockage, and stroke. If you see bruises from varicose veins in your leg, it may indicate the development of thrombophlebitis.

How do you know if you have bruises due to household reasons or varicose veins? After the blow, the hematomas disappear on their own, and the spots decrease over time. With varicose veins, bruises appear regularly, are not associated with trauma, and sometimes do not disappear at all. Blue spots are located in the area of the dilated vein or vascular network.

If red spots appear during varicose veins, dermatitis may develop. It is not an independent disease, but the result of varicose veins. The spots can be red or reddish-purple. In addition, there are bark, bumps, wet bubbles. Over time, the skin explodes, begins to peel, as if sunburned, itching is added. If left untreated, purulent ulcers may appear.

Varicose veins appeared: what to do

symptoms of varicose veins

The main mistake of patients is to hope that varicose veins will decrease on their own. However, damaged valves and walls will not be repaired by themselves. Doctors prescribe special drugs - venotonics - to eliminate inflammation and strengthen blood vessels.

Many patients know that compression stockings help with varicose veins. But if you choose socks yourself, you can only harm your health. Underwear differs in the degree of compression, and without research it is difficult to understand which model is right for you. Therefore, you should not treat yourself.


If symptoms of varicose veins appear, you should contact a phlebologist or vascular surgeon. However, even if there are no external symptoms, you should be examined, but you are worried about arch pain and restless legs syndrome. Varicose veins are successfully treated with timely treatment.

  • The small vascular network is removed by sclerotherapy: using the thinnest needle, the doctor places a substance that closes the problem vein. The procedure is painless and therefore does not require anesthesia. The patient does not need to be hospitalized and recovery time is short.
  • Large vessels are removed from the circulatory system by laser coagulation. The damaged vessel is connected with a laser: the sensor is inserted through a puncture under ultrasound control. Rehabilitation is not required as in sclerotherapy. The patient can walk and lead a normal life.

It should be understood that both of these procedures save the patient from an aesthetic defect and prevent thrombosis in the area of the defective vein, but do not solve the underlying problem. It is important to learn why varicose veins occur in the legs: endocrine diseases, vitamin deficiency, hormone therapy, blood clotting, etc. This is the only way to choose adequate therapy and stop the development of the disease.

In case of varicose veins, contact the doctors of a specialized vascular center. In such clinics, experienced phlebologists advise, endovascular methods are used, so the treatment is as gentle and non-traumatic as possible.