Stages of varicose veins

leg pain with varicose veins

To date, all the symptoms and manifestations of varicose veins suffered by men and women of different ages have been studied. This allows for timely diagnosis and treatment. Let's learn more about the stages of varicose veins and try harder to understand what changes are appropriate for each of them.

Stages of varicose veins of the lower extremities

It is extremely important to have detailed information about the stages of varicose veins. This allows you to avoid serious problems, take preventive measures and protect the health of the feet. Any discomfort, fatigue and swelling in the lower extremities may be the first signs of varicose veins in the early stages. To understand the level of the problem, it is necessary to get acquainted with the stages of development of the disease. There are several classifications and stages of varicose veins, each of which allows you to identify the symptoms of vascular disease.

Classification of varicose veins of the extremities according to CEAP

All over the world, phlebologists use the CEAP classification to determine the stage of varicose veins of the lower extremities. He divides the disease into 7 stages:

  • C0 - no visible signs of varicose veins of the lower extremities. The initial stage can be characterized by fatigue in the legs, the patient complains of cramps and heaviness.
  • C1 - manifestation of telangiectasia - subcutaneous capillary network, a slight dilation of reticular vessels not exceeding 2-3 mm in diameter. At this stage of varicose veins, in addition to spider veins, hemodynamic disorders and other symptoms of venous insufficiency can be diagnosed. Primary varicose veins do not require surgery. Procedures for its removal are purely cosmetic.
  • C2 - visible varicose veins. At this stage, subcutaneous veins, varicose veins and bumps with a diameter of more than 3 mm are clearly visible. The valve of the superficial vein does not work properly, so the blood microcirculation is disturbed. If the initial stage of varicose veins does not require surgery, then the doctor may suggest solving the problem using modern surgical methods.
  • C3 - edema of the extremities is added to the visible changes in the veins at this stage of varicose veins. This regularly worries the patient, creating additional discomfort while walking. An integrated approach is often used to treat varicose veins of the lower extremities at this stage. This includes a comprehensive diagnosis, medication, surgery, and long-term follow-up by a specialist.
  • C4 - discoloration and thinning of the skin, itching, burning and, consequently, venous eczema may appear. In the zone of trophic changes, the tissues acquire a brown color, the inflamed area may be moist and covered with crusts. If left untreated, such varicose veins can lead to a more serious stage of the disease. In most cases, venous eczema does not return easily.
  • C5 - healed trophic ulcer. C6 - open trophic ulcer. Both stages of varicose veins of the legs are manifested by a violation of the integrity of the skin and cause unbearable pain to the patient. In addition, gastric ulcers cause a general decrease in the body's immunity. Persistent open wounds serve as a breeding ground for various infections that can aggravate the condition. Trophic varicose veins of the legs are the last stage, the treatment involves the removal of the diseased vein. Local treatment will not give any results.

It should be understood that varicose veins of the legs alone in stage C6 cannot cause gastric ulcer. There are other diseases that are a major factor in the development of trophic ulcers. The methods of treatment are completely different for each specific case, so it is extremely important to make an accurate diagnosis.

The first stage of varicose veins: description and symptoms

For information purposes, a narrower classification of the disease is used to get acquainted with the stages of varicose veins of the lower extremities.

The compensatory phase, in which varicose veins are least pronounced, is the initial stage, characterized by mild discomfort in the legs during long walks or work, and the presence of spider veins. There is no obvious deformation in the vessel wall. The danger of the varicose veins stage is that the disease is asymptomatic. The body's innate mechanisms take over the "correction" of disorders in the venous vessels and compensate for their full functioning.

Symptoms of varicose veins in the early stages

  • Fatigue and heaviness in the legs;
  • small swelling;
  • convulsions;
  • The presence of spider veins.

How to stop varicose veins in the early stages?

Be sure to see a doctor when the first symptoms appear. Varicose veins are a stage 1 cosmetic disease. If the diagnosis does not reveal other initial conditions and "bad" heredity, we can talk about a mild form of the disease, which is more associated with lifestyle than a more serious etiology. The risks can be minimized by following the simple recommendations for the initial stage of varicose veins:

  • Live an active lifestyle: running, walking, swimming, etc. ;
  • Don't gain weight;
  • Wear comfortable shoes;
  • Do special exercises for the legs.

Varicose veins stage 2: description and symptoms

Subcompensation phase - varicose veins in the legs become more noticeable and the symptoms intensify. Additional excruciating pain and frequent convulsions. The skin may acquire a bluish color, and a burning sensation and itching appear where venous nodules and bumps are visible. At this stage of varicose veins, minimally invasive surgery, EVLT and compression stockings are recommended.

Varicose veins 3 stages: description and symptoms

The stage of decompensation is the final stage of varicose veins, which is characterized by serious disorders of venous circulation. The functions of the body are not performed and the compensatory mechanisms cease to cope with their tasks.

At this stage of the development of varicose veins, hyperpigmentation of the skin occurs, the tissues are malnourished and depleted, resulting in the formation of trophic ulcers. The vessels are severely deformed, thrombophlebitis may develop. In the case of improper treatment, stage 3 varicose veins can cause serious damage to health to irreversible consequences.

In some sources, stage 4 varicose veins are different, as a rule, according to the C6 classification. Special attention should be paid to the quality of the treatment process at all stages of the development of varicose veins. Only an integrated approach will achieve an effective result and eliminate not only the symptoms, but also the cause of the disease.

As a venotonic agent, many experts recommend a French drug that has proven itself as an angioprotective agent that improves blood circulation and has a drainage effect on the lymphatic system. The tablets are recommended not only in the early stages of varicose veins, but also in the rehabilitation stages after a more severe course of the disease. The dose and duration of the drug is determined only by the attending physician.