Causes, symptoms and effective treatment of varicose veins in men and women

Varicose veins of the lower extremities are characterized by unpleasant symptoms and can lead to unexpected catastrophic consequences if you do not seek timely treatment with drugs and non-traditional methods.

Features of the disease

Venous mesh on the legs with varicose veins

The disease itself is a pathology of the vessels associated with loss of elasticity. Due to the constant load on the legs, for example, when working on the legs, fluid stagnation occurs in the lower body. In such cases, it is difficult for blood to flow to the heart, and as a result, a person receives venous nets on the legs, which are not only aesthetically pleasing, but also indicate serious failures throughout the body.

Causes of the disease in women

Common causes of the disease are standard factors such as wearing high heels, working in an upright position, taking hormonal contraceptives, nutrition, smoking and heredity.

Causes of the disease in men

Although varicose veins mainly affect half of the female population, one in four men on the planet suffers from this pathology. Genetic predisposition occurs when working hard, low physical activity, smoking and taking certain hormonal medications.

It is important to know!

The risk of disease increases after the age of 40 for both men and women.

Classification of varicose veins

Vein spiders in the leg

The classification includes the division of the disease into stages:

  1. Compensation phase. There are no complaints in this case. Visually, you can see that there are dilated veins in one or both legs.
  2. Subcompensation phase. Involves the presence of pain, swelling, convulsions, swelling and gas lumps. Spider veins visible from the outside and wide, dilated veins.
  3. Decompensation phase. Eczema is characterized by the above symptoms in addition to the presence of severe itching. The skin becomes firm and harmful. Large, dilated veins are visible in the tissues.

International classification:

  • class 0. The patient complains of heaviness in the legs, no visual impairment in the veins;
  • class 1. Externally, vascular networks and hemorrhages are observed. There are complaints of heaviness and night cramps in the legs;
  • class 2. Dilated veins appear;
  • class 3. Swelling of the legs is visible, does not pass after rest;
  • class 4. There is swelling, redness in the legs;
  • class 5. Pre-ulcer condition occurs, characterized by redness, itching, pain;
  • class 6. Trophic ulcers are difficult to treat.

Signs and symptoms of varicose veins

Varicose veins

In the early stages of the disease, the disease is often overlooked. As a rule, the patient feels heaviness in the legs after a day of work. In the morning a person forgets these feelings, and the disease continues to progress, at night brings swelling, leg cramps. As the condition of the arteries worsens, the pain occurs after exercise or long walks. Then the pain persists, even at rest. If you ignore the disease, there will come a time when vasodilation peaks and manifests itself in the presence of trophic ulcers in the legs. Severe pain is accompanied by itching and is difficult to improve.

Diagnosis of the disease

Ultrasound examination of the vessels of the lower extremities

The following diagnostic methods are used to identify a pathology such as varicose veins:

  • duplex scanning of blood vessels;
  • Ultrasound examination of the vessels of the lower extremities;
  • rheovasography;
  • Magnetic resonance imaging;
  • x-ray.

Possible complications of the disease

Trophic ulcers are a complication of varicose veins

If you neglect the prevention and treatment of the disease, you can lead the body to irreversible processes. The most dangerous complications are trophic ulcers and blood clots. Blood clots form due to the disruption of blood circulation and the accumulation of red blood cells in a thick plaque. It sticks to the wall of the vessel and blocks the lumen, resulting in impaired tissue nutrition, impaired blood flow to the heart. Such a plaque can become empty at any time and can be fatal.

An important fact!

Trophic ulcers are skin lesions associated with lack of oxygen in the lower extremities. Wounds do not heal well and can grow from the lower leg to the deep tissues, leading to decay.

Treatment of varicose veins

Today there are many options for the treatment of varicose veins. Some may be intertwined for best results.

Drug treatment

Medical treatment of varicose veins

It is planned to buy drugs of different groups and use foreign dosage forms.

  1. Angioprotectors. Used to improve blood circulation and the quality of the vessel wall. This group is prescribed by doctors for up to 6 months.
  2. Venotonic. Used for venous insufficiency and varicose veins at different stages. Such drugs eliminate swelling, improve blood circulation and strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
  3. Antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants. Prevents blood clots and breaks down existing blood clots.
  4. Lipid-lowering drugs. Helps lower cholesterolCleanses the walls of blood vessels from the lipid (fat) layer.
  5. External means. These include ointments, creams and gels based on horse chestnut, leech extract and other ingredients. It helps to reduce the feeling of heaviness in the legs for a short time, so it is recommended to use them in combination with oral medications.

Traditional methods of treatment

Traditional methods of treatment of varicose veins in the legs

In the absence of drugs for varicose veins, other treatments based on herbs and natural extracts have been developed:

  • Apple cider vinegar. With the help of this lotions are prepared on the venous mesh. After a few compressions, significant progress is noticeable - the protruding vessels glow. This is due to the acidic properties of acetic and malic acids. Thus, external defects can be eliminated, but the internal therapeutic effect will not be achieved;
  • tincture of white acacia flowers. The plant contains flavonoids and tannins that help fight varicose veins, both internally and externally. It is not difficult to prepare the product, just take 8 tablespoons of flowers and pour 200 ml of vodka on it. The tincture will be ready in a week if stored in a cool, dark place. You should apply 1 compress daily for 20-30 minutes on the problem area;
  • the horse was chestnut. It is an effective tool in the fight against pathologies of the cardiovascular system. To prepare a tincture for oral administration, 50 grams of raw material should be poured with vodka. The total volume of the solution should be 300 ml. The resulting tincture is taken orally 1 tablespoon twice a day for a month;
  • coconut. Helps strengthen vascular tissues & give them elasticityTo prepare a healing tincture, you need to take 100 grams of walnuts and pour 500 ml of vodka. After that, you need to insist the extracted solution for two weeks and take 20 drops three times a day. The course can be extended up to a month, after which you must take a break for two weeks.

Exercises for varicose veins

The toes show varicose veins
  1. Toe. Keep your hands straight on your back. Lie on your toes and lower yourself to the floor. Repeat 30 in 4 sets.
  2. Birch tree. Lie on your back. Support your back with your hands, lean on your elbows and lift your legs up. Hold this position for 1 minute, then slowly lower your feet to the floor. Daily repetition of exercise will serve as a good prevention in the onset of varicose veins.
  3. Shake your legs. Stand up straight. Raise your foot on the first count, return to the starting position on the second count. Repeat the exercise with your other foot. To achieve the result, you need to perform 15 swings of each leg.
  4. Scissors. Lie on your back. Lift your legs up and simulate the scissor movements for two minutes. Then take a break for 30 seconds and repeat the exercises.
It is important!

If you feel unwell, stop exercising and consult a physiotherapist for advice.

Nutrition for varicose veins

Proper nutrition for varicose veins

If you have one or another stage of varicose veins, it is important to reconsider your diet. It is worth thinking that alcohol, fatty foods and salty foods should be a thing of the past. It is important to pay attention to meat and other proteins (eggs, cottage cheese). There should be low-fat varieties. Beef and chicken breast are worth preferring. Fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as cod and salmon, are also recommended.

It is important to include fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. Bulgarian pepper, celery, Jerusalem artichoke, lettuce, cabbage, beets, broccoli, squash, pumpkin have a beneficial effect on the body. Elastin in squid and seaweed is needed to strengthen the vessel wall. When it comes to fruits, do not rely on sweet fruits and berries, prefer citrus, apples, kiwi, pears. Control your sugar and salt intake. It retains fluid in the body, which can cause swelling. You should also completely give up flour products.

As with any diet, a serving should be one-third of a bowl. Need to eat 5 times a day. The daily diet should include allowed vegetables and fruits, meat, legumes, side dishes (potatoes, buckwheat, rice) and correspond to 2000 calories.

Important information!

Since water is still needed for normal digestion and cleansing of the body, it is recommended to drink up to one and a half liters of water a day, but not later than six o'clock in the evening.



This is a modern method of combating varicose veins, which involves the insertion of a chemical sclerosis into the damaged vein, followed by artificial inflammation and consequent narrowing of the vein. After a while, the vein disappears. After such an intervention, elastic bandages should be worn for up to a month.

Laser medicine

Laser treatment of varicose veins in the legs

The procedure has a number of advantages, including painlessness during manipulation, lack of inpatient treatment, rapid surgery and the absence of scars after the intervention. The method is successful in the postoperative period, as there is no recurrence in almost 100% of cases.

Endavasal laser surgery is performed in a hospital. First, an analgesic is injected, then the puncture site is treated and a light guide is placed, and under the influence of energy, the adherent walls of the vessels are replaced with connective tissue. The duration of such an operation is up to 1 hour. In addition, the use of compression stockings is recommended, otherwise pain, bruising, thrombophlebitis may occur.

Percutaneous laser surgery. It is performed by removing the vascular networks by heating the vessel walls to 60-70 degrees. Used to intervene in thin vessels less than 3 mm thick.



It is a well-known method that helps lower hemoglobin and make the blood more fluid. Thanks to the enzyme hirudin, which is introduced into the bloodstream by the wind, the ability to thrombus is lost. Thanks to hirudotherapy, temporary relief occurs due to the reduction of pressure in the lower extremities and blood thinning. The procedure can be done once every 2-3 weeks. Do not forget about hygiene after manipulation, because after the leech, the wound remains open for a long time and bleeds, which means that there is a risk of bacteria entering.


Hirudotherapy has a number of contraindications and is not a cure for the disease. Consult a specialist.

Surgical treatment of varicose veins

Surgical treatment of varicose veins

The surgical method has been used for several decades. Based on removal of the affected part of the vessel. It has a high advantage, because there is a complete remission after surgery and no relapse is observed.

Phlebectomy is a surgical procedure that removes saphenous veins through incisions in the groin. Because the operation is technically complicated, it is performed under general anesthesia and can last up to several hours. Rehabilitation is different for all people, usually ranging from two weeks to several months.

Compression underwear

Types of compression underwear for the feet

A great way to keep your arteries stable. Compression stockings, socks, and knee pads are sold to keep blood vessels in good condition. You should not take them more than 8 hours a day. Such underwear is often prescribed after surgery, during pregnancy and during long trips and flights.


Healthy legs without varicose veins

To prevent varicose veins, it is also recommended during postoperative rehabilitation:

  • observe proper nutrition;
  • to give up alcohol and smoking;
  • wear compression underwear;
  • sports;
  • take a daily contrast shower;
  • drug prophylaxis (after 40 years);
  • use folk remedies.

Varicose veins during pregnancy

Varicose veins during pregnancy

Even during a miraculous period like pregnancy, varicose veins can cause widespread anxiety and worry. It increases blood mass and puts pressure on the walls of the arteries, making them elongated. Expectant mothers should refrain from taking medication, it is recommended to take homeopathic medicines, external gels, creams and ointments to reduce the severity and swelling. Do not forget about physical activity. Prefer relaxing sports such as yoga, swimming, walking. Compression knitwear such as tights or socks will be very suitable. Such underwear will help reduce the stress on the arteries and reduce the severity and pain.

It is important!

Do not self-medicate or choose compression garments during pregnancy, as the reaction to the fetus may be unexpected.

Compression underwear for the treatment of varicose veins in pregnant women


  • "After working on my legs for 15 years, I started to feel an unpleasant stiffness in my calves. Sometimes I had night cramps and dizziness. At first I thought it was too much work, but after the rest I continued to feel heavy. After that I had an appointment with a vascular surgeon. I was treated for months. After the treatment, of course, there was progress, but the echoes were still preserved. I plan to go to the pool and buy special compression stockings. "
  • "I know what varicose veins are. I suffered a lot of pain during pregnancy 30 years ago, but after giving birth everything stopped and I did not move. I was recently diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, which causes varicose veins. Now I will completely reconsider my diet andI will not buy pills, I drink them in large quantities. I will try a tincture of white acacia, it helped my friend in time.
  • "I got rid of varicose veins only with laser surgery. Everything went very quickly and painlessly. I probably chose a good clinic. I felt good on the second day after the operation. Of course, it cost a lot of money, but what happened. Varicose veins. I will continue to support my body and eat properly because I know I am prone to varicose veins. By the way, the doctor said that I often just need a loaded compression underwear. I bought myself pantyhose. "

Together, when dealing with varicose veins, all methods are good. The key is to take care of your health and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Pay attention to your body and listen to the signals coming from your body to avoid missing the onset of the disease.